Asphalt is the most widely used material for roofing covers – but why?
Asphalt shingles perform well in extreme temperatures and in areas where wind, water and ice are prevalent.
The efficient, high-volume production and relatively low application cost of asphalt shingles provide consumers with an overall value that is tough for other manufacturers to match, especially when comparing life expectancy.
When properly chosen and applied, asphalt shingles require little to no upkeep, and are easy to repair when damaged.
Ease of Application
Shingles of this material are thought to be the easiest roofing material to apply. The flexibility and strength of asphalt shingles supports their application on a variety of roofing styles.
Fire and Wind Resistance
Asphalt shingles are manufactured to resist external fire and flammability standards. They carry Class A, B or C fire ratings, with Class A providing the greatest fire resistance. Many asphalt shingles also carry a “wind resistance” label that indicates they have been manufactured and tested to have an acceptable resistance in high-wind locations.
So, what are the different types of asphalt shingles?
These shingles are about three times as long as they are wide, and are distinguished by the number of cutouts or tabs that they have. Strip shingles can be used for different textural and lighting/shadowing effects depending on the number, shape and alignment of the cutouts.
These shingles contain more than one layer of tabs to create extra thickness. They are also called three-dimensional or architectural shingles because they create visual depth and impart a custom look. They are one of the favorites among builders and homebuyers.
These shingles are individual shingles that mechanically fasten to each other to provide greater wind resistance. They come in varying shapes and sizes allowing for a wide range of design options.
Large Format Shingles
These shingles are generally rectangular or hexagonal in shape, and do not utilize cutouts or tabs.
Courtesy of Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association